Nutrition is complicated. There’s a lot that we don’t understand yet. There’s a lot that very smart people in labs are still trying to work out, but the language doesn’t need to be complicated. If you’re confused, our jargon buster might help.

Phytochemical

These are any of the biologically active compounds found in plants. This means when we eat them, they interact and then have an effect on our bodies. Luckily in the case of the fruits and veg we know all these effects are pretty amazing. Phenolics, carotenoids and phytosterols are all examples of phytochemicals, all with antioxidant activity in our bodies.

Polyphenols

These are a chemical compound (specifically containing more than one phenolic hydroxyl group, for those who are interested!) often found in fruits and vegetables. They are a type of antioxidant, which act as reducing agents that neutralise free radicals. The free radicals can cause damage to our cells and this process is called oxidative stress.

Flavonoids

These are a plant pigment that have a powerful antioxidant activity. They’re the dark vibrant colours found in berries like Blueberries.

Carotenoids

A different plant pigment (responsible for the yellow, orange, and red colours), again with powerful antioxidant activity.

Phytosterols

Naturally occurring plant molecules structurally similar to cholesterol and competes with cholesterol to be absorbed into the blood. This is great, as it reduces the bad cholesterol (LDL) that can get into the blood, reducing one of the risk factors of heart disease.

LDL

Aka High Density Lipoproteins aka the good cholesterol we should all try to include in our diet. HDL transports the excess LDL to the liver where it can be excreted out the body, helping to maintain a happy heart and a healthy circulatory system.

HDL

Aka High Density Lipoproteins aka the good cholesterol we should all try to include in our diet. HDL transports the excess LDL to the liver where it can be excreted out the body, helping to maintain a happy heart and a healthy circulatory system.

Microbiota

Not all bacteria is bad, and in the case of the microbiota it is actually essential to our health. Microbiotas are made up of various different bacteria, which are different in each individual dependent on what was passed onto us when we were born and from what we eat. Microbiotas exist all over the body: on the skin, in the nose and in the vagina canal to fight off infection and maintain pH, but we are most interested in the one in your gut!

In vivo Tests

These are tests which are performed within a living organism such as a human, mouse, or a living collection of cells.

In vitro Tests

These are tests performed outside of a living organism, where tissues and cells are removed and tested in a test tube or petri dish.

RDI

Recommended daily intake

Ascorbic acid

Aka vitamin C, with a plethora of health benefits, like boosting immunity, aiding with iron absorption & collagen formation.

Soluble and Insoluble fibre

Both have different functions. Soluble supports microbiotic bacteria and intestinal health, as well as helping control blood glucose levels. Insoluble aids with movement of food through the digestive tract. The important thing here is you do not get either from a juice. The fibre is found in the flesh and skin, which we nicely freeze dry, package up and send to you to fill your Plantshaker and body with nutritious fibre!